An endocytosis pathway initiated through neuropilin-1 and regulated by nutrient availability.

TitleAn endocytosis pathway initiated through neuropilin-1 and regulated by nutrient availability.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPang H-B, Braun GB, Friman T, Aza-Blanc P, Ruidiaz ME, Sugahara KN, Teesalu T, Ruoslahti E
JournalNat Commun
Volume5
Pagination4904
Date Published2014
ISSN2041-1723
Abstract

Neuropilins (NRPs) are trans-membrane receptors involved in axon guidance and vascular development. Many growth factors and other signalling molecules bind to NRPs through a carboxy (C)-terminal, basic sequence motif (C-end Rule or CendR motif). Peptides with this motif (CendR peptides) are taken up into cells by endocytosis. Tumour-homing CendR peptides penetrate through tumour tissue and have shown utility in enhancing drug delivery into tumours. Here we show, using RNAi screening and subsequent validation studies, that NRP1-mediated endocytosis of CendR peptides is distinct from known endocytic pathways. Ultrastructurally, CendR endocytosis resembles macropinocytosis, but is mechanistically different. We also show that nutrient-sensing networks such as mTOR signalling regulate CendR endocytosis and subsequent intercellular transport of CendR cargo, both of which are stimulated by nutrient depletion. As CendR is a bulk transport pathway, our results suggest a role for it in nutrient transport; CendR-enhanced drug delivery then makes use of this natural pathway.

DOI10.1038/ncomms5904
Alternate JournalNat Commun
PubMed ID25277522
PubMed Central IDPMC4185402
Grant ListCA152327 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
CA30199 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
R01 CA152327 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
T32 CA121949 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
T32 CA121949 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States